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Citing Sources

#citations #citing #references

Comic Books

Comics can appear in many formats. Typically, the citation formats for collected editions follow the pattern for books; individual stories or chapters from a collected edition, the pattern for chapters; and individual issues, the pattern for periodicals insofar as they should include issue numbers.

It is the rare comic that has a single author; all examples below are for multiple authors.

 

COLLECTED EDITION

APA (7th) General Format Author Last Name, Author Initials. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of book. Editor First Initial Editor Last Name (Ed.) Place of Publication: Publisher.
APA (7th) Example Gaiman, N., Kieth, S., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, M., III. (1995). Sandman: Preludes & nocturnes. K. Berger (Ed.). New York: DC Comics.
MLA (9th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Edited by Editor First Name Editor Last Name. Publisher, Year.
MLA (9th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. Edited by Karen Berger, DC Comics, 1995.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Sam Kieth, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. New York: DC Comics, 1995.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Sam Kieth, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. 1995. Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. New York: DC Comics.

 

CHAPTER FROM A COLLECTED EDITION

APA (7th) General Format Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author Initials. (Year). Chapter title. In Editor Initials Editor Last Name (Eds.), Title of Book (pp. startingpage-endingpage). Publisher.
APA (7th) Example Gaiman, N., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, M., III. (1995). The sound of her wings. In K. Berger (Ed.), Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes (pp. 210-234). DC Comics.
MLA (9th) General Format Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book, edited by Editor First Name Editor Last Name, Publisher, year, pp. startingpage-endingpage.
MLA (9th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. "The Sound of Her Wings." Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes, edited by Karen Berger, DC Comics, 1995, pp. 210-234.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style General Format Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. "Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter." In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, edited by Editor First Name Editor Last Name, startingpage-endingpage. Place of publication: Publisher, Year.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. "The Sound of Her Wings." In Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes, edited by Karen Berger, 210-234. New York: DC Comics, 1995.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style General Format Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author First Name. Year. "Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter." In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, edited by Editor First Name Editor Last Name, startingpage-endingpage. Place of publication: Publisher.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Drigenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. 1995. "The Sound of Her Wings." In Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes, edited by Karen Berger, 210-234. New York: DC Comics.

 

SINGLE ISSUE

APA (7th) General Format Author Last Name, Author Initials. (Year). Name of Story. Title of Comic Series, (issue#). Publisher.
APA (7th) Example Gaiman, N., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, M., III. (1989). The Sound of Her Wings. Sandman, (8). DC Comics.
MLA (9th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name et al. Name of Story. Title of Comic Series, no. issue#. Publisher, Year.
MLA (9th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. The Sound of Her Wings. Sandman, no. 8. DC Comics, 1989.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Comic Series, no. issue#. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
Turabian (9th) Notes-Bibliography Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. Sandman, no. 8. New York: DC Comics, 1989.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Title of Comic Series, no. issue#. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Turabian (9th) Author-Date Style Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. 1989. Sandman, no. 8. New York: DC Comics.

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