Citing Sources

Get help citing sources.

Key Resources

Need Help?


Phone: (901) 321-3433

In Person: Talk to a librarian at the Reference Desk.

Why Cite?

  • It affects your grade!
  • Give credit to the people whose ideas you used.
  • Anyone reading your paper will have accurate references for future study.
  • Failure to cite your sources constitutes plagiarism.

Two Steps

  1. Cite within the text of your paper with parenthetical references or footnotes. Provide the exact page number of the passage you're citing.
  2. Make a list of all the works you cited. This page is called Works Cited or Bibliography, depending on which citation style you use. Order items alphabetically by author's last name.

Which Style?

Different disciplines use different citation methods. Ask your instructors which style they prefer. If they have no preference, follow these guidelines:

APA: psychology, education, nursing, social sciences

MLA: literature, arts, humanities

Turabian: history; can be used with all subjects

Other Styles: CBU Writing Center has information on additional citation styles.

Plough Library · Christian Brothers University
Library Hours | Library News | Library Homepage

650 E Parkway S · Memphis, TN 38117 · (901) 321-3433