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Citing Sources

#citations #citing #references

Miscellaneous Online Communications

BLOGS

APA (6th) General Format Not addressed by APA outside of individual posts. 
APA (6th) Example  
MLA (8th) General Format Blogger lastname, Blogger firstname. Title of Blog. Year (s), URL.  
MLA (8th) Example Hibner, Holly et al. Awful Library Books. 2013-2017. awfullibrarybooks.net/.
Turabian (8th) General format Blogs can be omitted from Bibliographies - Turabian 16.2.3, though you may chooses to treat them as articles from webpages. See: http://libguides.cbu.edu/citing/webpages for examples.
Turabian (8th)  Example n/a

 

BLOG POSTINGS

APA (6th) General Format Author First Initial Auther Lastname. (Year, Month Date). Title of blog entry [Web log post]. Retreived from URL
APA (6th) Example H Hibner.  (2015, July 14). Will the Soviet Union survive? [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://awfullibrarybooks.net/will-the-soviet-union-survive/
MLA (8th) General Format Blogger lastname, Blogger firstname. "Title of Blog Entry." Title of Blog, Date Month Year, Direct URL. 
MLA (8th) Example Hibner, Holly. "Will the Soviet Union Survive?" Awful Library Books, 14 July 2015, awfullibrarybooks.net/will-the-soviet-union-survive/.
Turabian (8th) General format Blog postings can be omitted from Bibliographies - Turabian 16.2.3, though you may chooses to treat them as articles from webpages. See: http://libguides.cbu.edu/citing/webpages for examples.
Turabian (8th) Example

n/a

 
 

COMMENTS

APA (6th) General Format Commenter's handle. (Year, Month Date). Re: Name of article, blog entry, or item commented on. [Article or Web log comment]. Retrieved from URL.
APA (6th) Example Lisa. (2017, August 8). Re: Don't sit on the baby [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://awfullibrarybooks.net/dont-sit-baby/.
MLA (8th) General Format Commenter's handle. Comment on " Title of Article or Blog Entry." Title of Blog or Site, Date Month Year, time comment was made. Direct URL.
MLA (8th) Example Lisa. Comment on "Don't Sit on the Baby!" Awful Library Books, 8 August 2017, 11:48 p.m. awfullibrarybooks.net/dont-sit-baby/.
Turabian (8th) General format Comments can be omitted from Bibliographies - Turabian 16.2.3
Turabian (8th)  Example n/a

 

TWEETS

APA (6th) General Format handle. (Year, Month Date). Text of tweet [Tweet]. Retrieved from URL.
APA (6th) Example krissbaird. (2017, July 11). We came, we saw, we met #LarrytheCat. [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/krissbaird/status/888433038723612672.
MLA (7th) General Format @handle. "Text of tweet." Twitter, Date Month Year, Hour:Minute a.m. or p.m., URL.
MLA (7th) Example @krissbaird. "We came, we saw, we met #LarrytheCat." Twitter, 21 July 2017, 11:18 a.m., twitter.com/krissbaird/status/888433038723612672.
Turabian (8th) General Format Postings to social media can be omitted from Bibliographies - Turabian 16.2.3
Turabian (8th) Example n/a

 

EMAILS

APA (6th) General Format not addressed by APA
APA (6th) Example n/a
MLA (8th) General Format Email sender. "Subject Line." Received by Recipient Firstname Recipient Lastname, Date Month Year.
MLA (8th) Example Coursera Staff. "Welcome to Copyright for Educators & Librarians." Received by Kay Cunningham, 17 June 2014.
Turabian (8th) General format Cite emails in notes or parenthetically (17.6.3)
Turabian (8th)  Example In an email message from Coursera Staff  on June 17, 2014 ... .

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