Skip to main content

Citing Sources

#citations #citing #references

Parenthetical Citations - Format & Examples

Use this format when citing references WITHIN THE TEXT of your paper.

Within the text of my paper, how do I cite:

  • a basic reference?
  • using the author's name within a sentence?

BASIC REFERENCE

APA General Format Give the (Author Lastname, year of publication, p. page#).
APA Example Studies have found that "marriages in which the parents share responsibilites tend to be the happiest" (Levine, 1976, p. 222).
MLA General Format Give the (Author Lastname page#).
MLA Example Studies have found that "marriages in which the parents share responsibilites tend to be the happiest" (Levine 222).
Turabian General Format Give the (Author Lastname year of publication, page#).
Turabian Example Studies have found that "marriages in which the parents share responsibilites tend to be the happiest" (Levine 1976, 222).

 

AUTHOR'S NAME IN TEXT

APA General Format Give the (year of publication, p. page#).
APA Example Levine writes that the happiest marriages are those where parents share responsibilities (1976, p. 222).
MLA General Format Give the (page#).
MLA Example Levine reports that parents with shared responsibilities have the happiest marriages (222).
Turabian General Format Give the (Year, page#).
Turabian Example  According to Levine, parents who share responsibilites ten to have the happiest marriages (1976, 222).
 

 


Plough Library · Christian Brothers University
Library Hours | Library News

650 E Parkway S · Memphis, TN 38117 · (901) 321-3432