Skip to main content

Citing Sources

#citations #citing #references

Multimedia - Format & Examples

Use this format to cite multimedia sources from video, audio, etc.

CITING AN ONLINE VIDEO

APA (6th) General Format Name of creator[s] (Role of creator). (Year). Title of video [format]. Retreived from URL.
APA (6th) Example National Archives & Records Administration (producer). (2008). The big picture: Operation friendly hand [streaming video]. Retrieved from http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=104145&xtid=45288
MLA (8th) General Format Title of Video. Dir. First name Last name of director. Publisher, year, permalink. Accessed Day Month Year.
MLA (8th) Example The Big Picture: Operation Friendly Hand. Films Media Group, 2008. fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=104145&xtid=45288. Accessed 14 July 2017.
Turabian (8th) General Format Name of creator[s], role of creator. "Title of video" [format]. Accessed Month Date, Year. permalink.
Turabian (8th) Example National Archives & Records Administration, producer. "The Big Picture: Operation Friendly Hand" [video]. Accessed July 14, 2017. http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=104145&xtid=45288.

 

CITING A DVD

APA (6th) General Format Name of creator[s] (Role of creator). (Year). Title of video [format]. 
APA (6th) Example Tremolo Production, Concord Music Group, & WNET (Producers). (2007). Respect yourself: The Stax records story [DVD]. 
MLA (8th) General Format Title of Video. Producer, Year. Dir. First name Last name of director. 
MLA (8th) Example Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story. Tremolo Productions et al., 2007. Dir. Robert Gordon et al. 
Turabian (8th) General Format Name of creator[s], role of creator. "Title of Video" [format]. 
Turabian (8th) Example Tremolo Productions, Concord Music Group, & WNET, producers. "Respect Yourself: The Stax Records story" [DVD]. 

 

CITING A TELEVISION OR RADIO BROADCAST

APA (6th) General Format Creator last name, Creator initials (Role of creator). (Year of broadcast). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In Initial Last name (Executive producer), Title of series. Location: Network.
APA (6th) Example Haffner, C. (Director). (1993). "Frederick Douglass" [Television series episode]. In S. Paddor (Producer), Civil War journal. Arts and Entertainment Network.
MLA (8th) General Format "Title of Episode." Title of Program or Series. Network, if applicable. Call letters, ;Local city, if applicable. Day Month Year of broadcast. 
MLA (8th) Example "Frederick Douglass." Civil War Journal. Arts and Entertainment Network. 6 Apr. 1993. 
Turabian (8th) General Format Title of Series. Year. "Name of Episode," by Director First Name Director Last Name. Aired Month Date on name of network.

Turabian (8th)

Example

Civil War Journal. 1993. "Frederick Douglass," directed by Criag Haffner.  Aired April 6 on the Arts & Entertainment Network.

 

CITING A SOUND RECORDING

APA (6th) General Format Last name of creator, Initials of creator. (Copyright Year). Title of piece [Medium of recording]. [Recorded by Artist initial Artist last name]. Location: label. (Date of recording year if different from copyright).
APA (6th) Example Beethoven, L. (1992). Concerto for piano & orchestra no. 2 in B-flat major, op. 19: Concerto for piano & orchestra no. 4 in G major, op. 58 [CD]. [Recorded by L. Fleisher, G. Szell, G., & the Cleveland Orchestra]. New York: Sony Classical. (1959, 1961).
MLA (8th) General Format Last name of creator, First name of creator. Title of Piece, performancy by Performerf first name Performer last name, conducted by Conductor firstname Conductor lastname. Date Month Year of recording. Label name, date of release.
MLA (8th) Example Beethoven, Ludwig van. Concerto for Piano & Orchestra No. 2 in B-Flat Major, Op. 19: Concerto for Piano & Orchestra No. 4 in G Major, Op. 58, performance by Leon Fleisher and the Cleveland Orchestra, conducted by George Szell. 16 April 1961 and 10 Jan 1959. Sony Classical, 1992.
Turabian (8th) General Format Last name of creator, First name of creator, Year of recording. Title of Piece, by Conductor First Name Conducto Last Name. Orchestra name. Label Label Code. Format.
Turabian (8th) Example Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1992. Concerto for piano & orchestra no. 2 in B-flat major, op. 19 Concerto for piano & orchestra no. 4 in G major, op. 58. Conducted by George Szell. Cleveland Orchestra. Sony SBK 48165. CD.

Plough Library · Christian Brothers University
Library Hours | Library News

650 E Parkway S · Memphis, TN 38117 · (901) 321-3432