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Citing Sources

#citations #citing #references

Comic Books

Comics can appear in many formats. Typically, the citation formats for collected editions follow the pattern for books; individual stories or chapters from a collected edition, the pattern for chapters; and individual issues, the pattern for periodicals insofar as they should include issue numbers.

It is the rare comic that has a single author; all examples below are for multiple authors.

 

COLLECTED EDITION

APA (6th) General Format Author Last Name, Author Initials. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of book. Editor first initial Editor last name (Ed.) Place of publication: Publisher.
APA (6th) Example Gaiman, N., Kieth, S., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, Malcolm III. (1995). Sandman: Preludes & nocturnes. K. Berger (Ed.). New York: DC Comics.
MLA (8th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Edited by Editor first name Editor last name. Publisher, Year.
MLA (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. Edited by Karen Berger, DC Comics, 1995.
Turabian (8th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Turabian (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil , Sam Kieth, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. 1995. Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. New York: DC Comics.

 

CHAPTER FROM A COLLECTED EDITION

APA (6th) General Format Chapter Author Last Name, Chapter Author Initials Year). Chapter title. In Editor Initials Editor Last Name[s] (Eds.), Title of Book (first page-last page). Place of publication: Publisher.
APA (6th) Example Gaiman, N., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, Malcolm III. (1995). The Sound of her wings. In K. Berger (Ed.), Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes (210-234). New York: DC Comics.
MLA (8th) General Format Chapter Author Last name, Chapter Author First name. "Title of Chapter." Title of Book. Edited by Editor First name Editor Last name, Publisher, year. pp. first page-last page.
MLA (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. "The Sound of Her Wings." Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes. Edited by Karen Berger, DC Comics, 1995, pp. 210-234.
Turabian (8th) General Format Chapter Author Last name, Chapter Author First name. Year. Title of Chapter: Subtitle of Chapter. In Title of Book: Subtitle of Book, ed. Editor First name Editor Last name, starting page-ending page. Place: Publisher.
Turabian (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. 1995. The Sound of Her Wings. In Sandman: Preludes & Nocturnes, ed. Karen Berger, 210-234. New York: DC Comics.

 

SINGLE ISSUE

APA (6th) General Format Author Last Name, Author Initials. (Year). Name of Story. Title of Comic Series, (issue#). Place of publication: Publisher.
APA (6th) Example Gaiman, N., Dringenberg, M. and Jones, M., III. (1989). The Sound of Her Wings. Sandman, (8). New York: DC Comics.
MLA (8th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name et al. Name of Story. Title of Comic Series, no. issue#. Publisher, Year.
MLA (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil et al. The Sound of Her Wings. Sandman, no. 8. DC Comics, 1989.
Turabian (8th) General Format Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Title of Comic Series. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Turabian (8th) Example Gaiman, Neil, Mike Dringenberg, and Malcolm Jones III. Sandman, no. 8. (1989). New York: DC Comics.

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